Contact us Awards In its tenth anniversary year, the Beyond Sport Global Awards celebrated, supported, raised awareness and provided funding for ways sport is being used to help make the UN Global Goals for sustainable development a reality. Selected from entries covering more than 50 sports, the official shortlisters represented the most diverse range of sports, countries and social issues received by the organization to date. Their Rugby for the Emancipation of Young Girls project works to improve the living conditions of young girls on a physical and psychological level. An amazing 27, girls are benefitting from its sports curriculum.
Women doing domestic chores in infested water, such as washing clothes, are also at risk and can develop female genital schistosomiasis.
Inadequate hygiene and contact with infected water make children especially vulnerable to infection. Migration to urban areas and population movements are introducing the disease to new areas.
Increasing population size and the corresponding needs for power and water often result in development schemes, and environmental modifications facilitate transmission. At times, tourists present severe acute infection and unusual problems including paralysis. Urogenital schistosomiasis is also considered to be a risk factor for HIV infection, especially in women.
Intestinal schistosomiasis can result in abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and blood in the stool. Liver enlargement is common in advanced cases, and is frequently associated with an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity and hypertension of the abdominal blood vessels.
In such cases there may also be enlargement of the spleen. The classic sign of urogenital schistosomiasis is haematuria blood in urine. Fibrosis of the bladder and ureter, and kidney damage are sometimes diagnosed in advanced cases. Bladder cancer is another possible complication in the later stages.
In women, urogenital schistosomiasis may present with genital lesions, vaginal bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, and nodules in the vulva. In men, urogenital schistosomiasis can induce pathology of the seminal vesicles, prostate, and other organs.
This disease may also have other long-term irreversible consequences, including infertility. The economic and health effects of schistosomiasis are considerable and the disease disables more than it kills.
In children, schistosomiasis can cause anaemia, stunting and a reduced ability to learn, although the effects are usually reversible with treatment. The number of deaths due to schistosomiasis is difficult to estimate because of hidden pathologies such as liver and kidney failure, bladder cancer and ectopic pregnancies due to female genital schistosomiasis.
InWHO estimated the annual death rate at globally. This should have decreased considerably due to the impact of a scale-up in large-scale preventive chemotherapy campaigns over the past decade.
Current estimated total number of individuals with morbidity and mortality due to Schistosomiasis Haematobium and S. Mansoni infection in Sub-Saharan Africa Diagnosis Schistosomiasis is diagnosed through the detection of parasite eggs in stool or urine specimens.
For urogenital schistosomiasis, a filtration technique using nylon, paper or polycarbonate filters is the standard diagnostic technique. The eggs of intestinal schistosomiasis can be detected in faecal specimens through a technique using methylene blue-stained cellophane soaked in glycerine or glass slides, known as the Kato-Katz technique.
For people living in non-endemic or low-transmission areas, serological and immunological tests may be useful in showing exposure to infection and the need for thorough examination, treatment and follow-up.
Prevention and control The control of schistosomiasis is based on large-scale treatment of at-risk population groups, access to safe water, improved sanitation, hygiene education, and snail control.
The WHO strategy for schistosomiasis control focuses on reducing disease through periodic, targeted treatment with praziquantel through the large-scale treatment preventive chemotherapy of affected populations. It involves regular treatment of all at-risk groups.
In a few countries, where there is low transmission, the interruption of the transmission of the disease should be aimed for. Groups targeted for treatment are: School-aged children in endemic areas.
Adults considered to be at risk in endemic areas, and people with occupations involving contact with infested water, such as fishermen, farmers, irrigation workers, and women whose domestic tasks bring them in contact with infested water.
Entire communities living in highly endemic areas. The frequency of treatment is determined by the prevalence of infection in school-age children.
In high-transmission areas, treatment may have to be repeated every year for a number of years. Monitoring is essential to determine the impact of control interventions. The aim is to reduce disease morbidity and transmission: However, a major limitation to schistosomiasis control has been the limited availability of praziquantel.
Data for show that Praziquantel is the recommended treatment against all forms of schistosomiasis. It is effective, safe, and low-cost. Even though re-infection may occur after treatment, the risk of developing severe disease is diminished and even reversed when treatment is initiated and repeated in childhood.Moroccan Jews constitute an ancient community.
Before the founding of Israel in , there were about , to , Jews in the country, which gave Morocco the largest Jewish community in the Muslim world, but fewer than 2, or so remain. Jews in Morocco, originally speakers of Berber languages, Judeo-Moroccan Arabic or Judaeo-Spanish, were the first in the country to adopt the .
OneSight is bringing eye exams and glasses to the billion people in the world who lack access to vision care. And with them, we’re unleashing potential.
Join us as we end the global vision care crisis. Connecting People with Jobs: Key Issues for Raising Labour Market Participation in Australia In series: Connecting People with Jobs . In December, an American official travelled to the North African nation of Morocco, where he promoted trade in liquified natural gas.
The official was not in private industry, nor part of a. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from r-bridal.com Cristiano Ronaldo scores again! The soccer star, 33, has netted four World Cup goals over the past week and a half, as his Portuguese squad defeated Morocco and tied Spain