Depending on climate, soil conditions, agricultural practices and the crops grown, it generally requires between 1, and 40, square meters 0. A recognizably harsh way of living, subsistence farmers can experience a rare surplus of produce goods under conditions of good weather which may allow farmers to sell or trade such goods at market. Because such surpluses are rare, subsistence farming does not allow for consistent economic growth and development, the accumulation of capitalor the specialization of labor.
Types of Subsistence Farming: Primitive and Intensive Subsistence Farming Article shared by: Types Subsistence agriculture subsistence farming are 1.
Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming 2. Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming: Primitive farming is the oldest form of agriculture and still prevalent in some areas of the world. This type of farming is done on self-sufficient basis and farmers grow food only for themselves and their families.
Some small surpluses may be either exchanged by barter or sold for cash. The resultant economy is thus static with little chance for improvement, but there is a high degree of rural independence because farmers are not tied to landlords or to trading centres.
This form of agriculture is widely practised by many tribes of the tropics, especially in Africa, in tropical South and Central America, and in South-East Asia. It is Subsistence agriculture known as shifting cultivation Figure 4.
Shifting cultivation is practised in the tropics by many different peoples and thus has many different names, e. The primitive subsistence agriculture or shifting cultivation is characterised by the following features: Hill slopes are preferred because of better drainage.
Many ladangs are located in the remote interiors, far from the main population centres. This is partly for historical reasons as most shifting cultivators have been forced into less favourable areas by the expansion of more advanced farmers into the lower and better lands.
Their isolation hinders their progress and makes the spread of new ideas more difficult. Trees that are not burnt are hacked out by the men or left to decay naturally. Much manual labour is needed in land clearance to produce food for a few people.
Thus, despite the fact that little attention is given to the crops when they are once planted, no other form of farming is so wasteful of human energy and so unrewarding as shifting cultivation.
The main crops are starchy foods, e. Crops are sown at calculated intervals, often between the other plants, so that the harvest can be staggered to provide food all the year round.
Much the same types of crops are grown in all the farms. When the yields can no longer support the community because of soil exhaustion or the invasion of weeds and shrubs, the fields are abandoned and fresh areas cleared. The exhaustion of soil nutrients, deterioration of the lightly constructed bamboo houses, and attack by insect-pests, diseases or wild animals are some of the major reasons that make migration a necessity.
Crop rotation is also practised in some places and greater attention is given to the land and the crops sown. Methods of tillage are more intensive, though crude hand implements are often still used and there is a greater employment of manpower in the fields.
This type of economy is capable of sustaining a relatively larger population on a permanent basis. Many more animals are kept, including buffaloes, swine and horses, and animals are used for drought purposes on the farm as well as to supply milk or meat.
Crops are sown in the cool season and grown throughout the rainy period to be harvested in the dry season. In South-East Asia and West Africa subsistence farming may be combined with the cultivation of cash crops or with the collection and sale of forest products.
Although the nature of this agriculture has changed and in many areas now it is no more subsistence. This form of agriculture is best developed in and practically confined to the monsoon lands of Asia.
Farming in both the wet lowlands and the terraced uplands has to be very intensive to support a dense population. Population densities in some agricultural areas in Asia are higher than those of industrial areas in the West.
Many of the regions of intensive subsistence farming have a highly developed form of society and government and some such as China and India have a continuous history of civilisation going back more than 4, years.Types of subsistence farming are 1.
Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming 2. Intensive Subsistence Farming! 1. Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming: Primitive farming is the oldest form of agriculture and still prevalent in some areas of the world.
From primitive gathering, some people have. Subsistence farming or smallholder agriculture is when one family grows only enough to feed themselves. There is not usually much harvest to sell or trade, and what surplus there is tends to be stored to last the family until the next harvest.
Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.
Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade.
Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming. or subsistence agriculture.
Word Origin. See more synonyms for subsistence farming on r-bridal.com noun.
farming whose products are intended to provide for the basic needs of the farmer, with little surplus for marketing.
farming that brings little or no profit to the farmer, allowing only for a marginal livelihood. Subsistence farming definition is - farming or a system of farming that provides all or almost all the goods required by the farm family usually without any significant surplus for sale.