Watch this video from PBS Newshour about urbanization today in less developed countries. What role, if any, do you think the government should take to improve conditions in the new industrial cities? Choose the answer that best represents your point of view:
Concern for environment has increased and spread over recent years. Pollution-a major environmental concern. Types and sources and effects of pollution. Causes and associated problems.
Remedial measures-existent and suggested.
Plato lamented the destruction of soils and forests in ancient Greece. Dickens and Engels wrote eloquently of the wretched conditions spawned by the Industrial Revolution.
But the surge in concern about environmental quality over the last three decades has been uniquely widespread and impassioned.
Appreciation of the material and spiritual importance of a healthy natural environment has spread. Perhaps the most dramatic intellectual shifts are occurring in the Third World, where understanding of the ecological under spinning of human life-largely lost in the post-war dreams of industrialisation is on the rise.
The new interest in environmental quality complements recent shifts in thought among development theorists, many of whom now stress the need to address the basic needs of the poor directly rather than hope that the benefits of growth will trickle down to them.
Improving the lot of the under-class and protecting environmental quality can be mutually-supportive goals.
Both internationally and within nations, the new appreciation of our bonds with nature has spawned new institutions and policies-new UN and governmental agencies, new laws, altered aid programmes, new international treaties.
Yet for the most part, responses remain inadequate to the needs. For the most urgent need today is to protect and preserve what remains of the environment.
To do that one has to understand the meaning of pollution and consider ways of tackling it. It takes place through changes in energy patterns, radiation levels, chemical and physical constitutions, and abundance of organisms.
It includes release of materials into atmosphere which make the air unsuitable for breathing, harm the quality of water and soil, and damage the health of human beings, plants and animals. Air pollution in one form or another has accompanied human society from the beginning.
In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many cities of Europe and the US were covered with black shrouds of smoke. Despite the successes registered against smoke, the pollution of city air by other products of coal combustion above all, Sulphur dioxide and by nitrous oxides, hydrocarbons, petroleum wastes, and carbon mon oxide continues to worsen in most of the countries.
Strong evidence indicates that prevailing levels of air pollution contribute to the development of chronic respiratory diseases emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis besides short-term respiratory afflictions as well. And those living near smelters and refineries often face increased cancer risks because of the toxic substances spewing from smoke-stacks.
Over the last 25 years, many countries have begun trying to regulate the flow of pollutants in the air, Air pollution can no longer be addressed as simply a local urban problem.
Thermal pollution of water.The Energy Racket. By Wade Frazier. Revised in June Introduction and Summary. A Brief Prehistory of Energy and Life on Earth. Early Civilization, Energy and the Zero-Sum Game.
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The Industrial Revolution started in Britain during the late ’s. It made its way to America in the 18th and 19th century. Positive Effects Of The Industrial Revolution Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: In the article Effects of Machinery, the question is posed; is machinery an evil.
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The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Europe Essay examples Words 4 Pages The Industrial Revolution hit Europe and along with it came a great deal of change.
Transcript of Positive and Negative Effects of the Industrial Revolution Negative Effects of Factories Working in a factory was not something people wanted to do. Clearly, the Industrial Revolution had numerous positive impacts on Europe.
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